Beethoven PianoTrio in B-flat major, Op. 97 (1811) and Mendelssohn Piano Trio in D minor, Op. 49 (1839)
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. The Piano Trio in B-flat major, Op. 97 is commonly referred to as the Archduke Trio, because it was dedicated to Archduke Rudolph of Austria, the son of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor. The trio was written in the Beethoven's "middle period".
Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847) was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period. Mendelssohn enjoyed early success in Germany, where he also revived interest in the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, and in his travels throughout Europe. His essentially conservative musical tastes set him apart from many of his more adventurous musical contemporaries.
Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor, Op. 49 was completed on September 23, 1839 and published the following year. The trio is one of Mendelssohn's most popular chamber works and recognized as one of his greatest pieces. During the composition of the work, Mendelssohn took the advice of a fellow composer, Ferdinand Hiller, and revised the piano part. This version was in a more romantic, Schumannesque style with the piano given a more important role in the trio. The revised piece was reviewed by Schumann who declared Mendelssohn to be "the Mozart of the nineteenth century, the most illuminating of musicians."